From 2014 to 2017, the Victim Assistance Support Team (VAST) was part of World Education Laos’ Integrated Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Victim Assistance Support Project. In Xieng Khouang Province, VAST conducted a comprehensive needs assessment to identify gaps in services for UXO survivors and created action plans for 200 UXO survivors and their families including livelihoods development, psychological support, support to continue education and scholarships and referrals to vocational schools and on-the-job training. The project also developed the first ever UXO survivor database for Xieng Khouang province to improve case management and monitoring.
VAST education, livelihoods, and financial literacy interventions improved the economic situation for UXO survivors and their families. Over 100 UXO survivors and family members received educational support, including school uniforms, books, pens, pencils, shoes, bags, and enrollment fees. Through a subgrant to the Quality of Life Association (QLA), a local nonprofit, 60 UXO survivors received animal husbandry and financial literacy training along with a grant to purchase animals.
VAST administered psychosocial assessments to more than 200 UXO survivors, evaluating their physical, social, and psychological needs to determine their overall mental health status. Based on assessed need, VAST facilitated survivors’ and their families’ access to provincial hospitals, schools, and vocational training centers. VAST also conducted peer-to-peer support workshops, where UXO survivors came together to share experiences and discuss how to overcome the physical and mental challenges of life after a UXO accident.
In addition, VAST improved first aid and mental health services in Xieng Khouang province by creating a standard national first aid curriculum approved by the Ministry of Health, and training approximately 350 Village Health Volunteers in first aid. A Lao professional psychologist also trained nurses at each district hospital in mental health diagnosis and treatment so that UXO survivors and other patients could be served locally and efficiently.
VAST worked closely with QLA as well as the Ministry of Health, Center for Medical Rehabilitation, and provincial and district hospitals in Xieng Khouang to build their capacity to support UXO survivors. QLA facilitated People with Disabilities Inclusion Committee meetings at the district level to engage government staff in efforts to reduce stigma and increase community accessibility and inclusion for persons with disabilities.
At the end of the VAST program, QLA took ownership of the UXO survivor database, assumed much of VAST’s caseload, and continues to provide psychosocial and livelihoods support for UXO survivors in Xieng Khouang. World Education continues to support UXO victims through administration of the War Victims Medical Fund.
The World Education Laos TEAM project enabled Persons with Disabilities, especially women and girls, to attain and maintain maximum independence to fully and equally participate in all aspects of life. The approach for this project used a social model of disability and focused on four main components: Training, Economic Empowerment, Assistive Technology, and Medical and Physical Rehabilitation. The four of these together allowed the TEAM project to take a comprehensive social, right-based approach to improving services and have a positive effect on the quality of life and social inclusion for Persons with Disabilities in Laos.
Funded by USAID through JSI’s Advancing Partner’s and Communities program, TEAM awarded sub-grants to 15 local non-profit associations and international NGOs to implement projects that supported the development of the rehabilitation and disability sector. The partners collaborated to enhance the overall impact of all activities and create an environment in which Persons with Disabilities can access a wider range of services. The TEAM project further worked to strengthen the capacity of small partners to ensure organizational sustainability and increase effectiveness of organizations and programs that serve Persons with Disabilities.
Sub-grant partner project activities included:
- Vocational training for women with disabilities
- Wheelchair basketball
- Psychosocial support for Persons with Disabilities and caregivers
- Awareness raising and training on autism spectrum disorder
- Training for medical and physical rehabilitation staff
- Job readiness training, job placement, and follow up support for Persons with Disabilities
- Inclusive education plans for children with disabilities
- Physical rehabilitation services and surgical/medical treatment for Persons with Disabilities
- Training for medical staff on early detection of impairments
- Livelihoods development trainings, small business management/financial management training, and provision of grants to help Persons with Disabilities start running their own business
- Disability rights and equality trainings for employers, government staff, and village leaders to encourage them to become advocates for change and inclusion
- Provision of assistive devices ranging from wheelchairs to devices for daily living to communication technology
- National Disability Policy and Strategy development and consultation workshops
To learn more about the achievements of TEAM, check out the documents, e-book, and video below:
68% of the Laos population live in rural areas, where subsistence farming remains the dominant livelihood for many families. The poverty rate in rural areas of Laos is 2.9 times that of urban areas, and one-third of the population in rural upland areas is still below the poverty line. World Education, in partnership with World Education Australia and Village Focus International, implements the Resilient Livelihoods for the Poor (RLP) Project in Saravane Province, where there is a higher poverty rate (48.2%) than any other province in the country.
After conducting a comprehensive survey of target villages, RLP selected its first cohort of 198 households. Criteria for household selection include: selling their labor, having a health equity or health care card, inadequate housing, little or no productive land and/or assets, and persons with disability living in the household. An additional 202 households were later added to the project.
Each household in the project cohort receives a productive asset (i.e. livestock) and comprehensive support throughout the first year through bi-weekly household visits, training sessions, and asset support grants. Through the development of these sustainable micro-enterprises, RLP enables the poorest households in the community to have a sustainable livelihood that lasts beyond the program, access savings to expand enterprises, and plan towards their future.
More information can be found at the Resilient Livelihoods for the Poor website.
Posters created through the Resilient Livelihoods for the Poor Project (English and Lao versions):
To improve UXO accident victims’ rate of survival and rehabilitation after an accident, World Education has, for over a decade, been improving Laos’ emergency and trauma care medical systems through training and the provision of equipment. Since 1995, World Education has been assisting UXO-affected communities by upgrading the medical, surgical, and emergency services of district and provincial health facilities and training emergency medical personnel in clinical, diagnostic, and management skills.
The most recent Medical Capacity Development project began in 2012 and has three main objectives: to improve the trauma care training capacity of Lao medical trainers in UXO impacted areas, to develop a standardized National First Aid Curriculum for the training of Village Health Volunteers, and to develop a curriculum in Critical and Emergency Care Nursing with the Faculty of Nursing Sciences at the University of Health Sciences of Lao PDR.
Beginning in 2012, with funding from the U.S. Department of State Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (WRA), World Education developed a trauma care training curriculum and a training of trainer curriculum for medical trainers. In 2014 and 2015, after completion of developing these curricula in 2013, World Education (with support from the Centre for Medical Rehabilitation and the Ministry of Health) has facilitated two Emergency and Trauma Care Trainings that have reached 70 medical trainers in four provinces (Xieng Khouang, Saravan, Houaphan, and Sekong). These trainings will ensure that Laos Medical Trainers will be able to take responsibility for and implement emergency and trauma care trainings in their hospitals.
In 2014, The Medical Capacity Development team worked with the National First Aid Technical Working Group (FAWG), which consists of members from the INGO community and the Ministry of Health, to develop a National First Aid Curriculum. In finalizing the curriculum, World Education facilitated three pilot trainings with 74 total participants who provided relevant and practical feedback on the curriculum. The curriculum was approved by the Ministry of Health in August 2015, and the MCD team has since conducted four training of trainer sessions in Xieng Khouang and Houaphan provinces. Implementation of this National First Aid Curriculum throughout Laos will help standardize first aid care among Village Health Volunteers who provide essential medical care on a community level throughout Laos.
World Education has also supported the Faculty of Nursing at the University of Health Sciences of Lao PDR in developing a curriculum for Critical and Emergency Nursing. When the curriculum development is complete, student and teacher manuals will be developed and Training of Trainer workshops will be held to facilitate the effective utilization of the Critical and Emergency Nursing curriculum at the University of Health Sciences of Lao PDR. This will strengthen the capacity of nursing students in Laos to provide adequate care to UXO accident victims.
Access a copy of the First Aid Curriculum for village health practitioners.
The Reducing Childhood Diarrhea (RCD) project in Xieng Khouang province, northern Laos combined community mobilization, education, and simple technologies to reduce the impact of diarrhea on children’s health. The project combined a behavioral change intervention proven to have impact in rural Lao communities – Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) – with a low cost approach to disease mapping. Community Health Technicians (CHTs) received training from World Education staff in basic epidemiology, WASH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene) principles, data collection, and the use of GPS enabled mobile phones.
Only about 15% of households in Laos have access to formal financial sources. Poor rural communities in Laos do not have access to secure and reliable financial services. Consequently, families are unable to make significant investments in developing their livelihoods, weather economic shocks, and save for the future. World Education Inc. and World Education Australia (WEAL) established an autonomous, locally owned and managed microfinance agency in Saravan Province in southern Laos.
As a result of these efforts, Vanmai (which means “New Day” in Laos) Savings and Credit Union (SCU) was formally established in November 2010. The premise behind it was to create an institution that met the financial needs of local people, offering a safe place to save and access loans. Its mission is “to meet the needs of members by providing transparent, sustainable, effective, and fair service to the members so they can improve their living conditions.”
Vanmai has a Board of Directors that meets monthly, a Credit Committee that meets to discuss and approve loans once a week, and an Audit Committee that conducts monthly internal audits. Full-time staff includes a manager, two credit officers, an accountant, and a cashier. World Education trained the Vanmai staff and boards to improve both their technical knowledge and skills and their leadership and management skills. Some training topics included “Credit and Delinquency Management,” “Marketing and Product Development,” “Leadership Skills,” and “Service with a Heart.” The Vanmai staff also visited established SCUs throughout southern Laos to observe best practices and receive helpful advice.
The project also provided trainings for Vanmai members. As most members were farmers or small business owners, training topics included “Animal Raising and Agriculture” and “Starting a Small Business.” Staff, boards, and members all received a “Gender Equity and Awareness” training.
In 2010-2011, Vanmai was officially recognized by law in Saravan Province. Vanmai SCU is a regulated financial institution by the Bank of Laos, the country’s central bank, and is required to provide monthly performance reports. As of 2014, Vanmai SCU has provided loans to over 800 people in Saravan Province in southern Laos.
Survivors of unexploded ordnance (UXO) accidents in Laos often become physically or emotionally disabled after their accidents. For many UXO survivors, injuries prevent them from returning to work, and their families fall into hardship because of medical costs and decreased income. With the support of groups including the McKnight Foundation, the U.S. Department of State/Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement, AAR, the Embassy of the Netherlands in Bangkok, and the Niarchos Foundation, World Education built the capacity of UXO and landmine survivors and their families in Xieng Khouang and Houaphan provinces to achieve long term economic self-sufficiency in a variety of ways.
World Education assisted UXO survivors’ return to school and provided emergency medical funds for accident victims. World Education staff surveyed the physical, psychological, and economic needs of survivors and subsequently implemented vocational skills training in animal husbandry, tailoring, and weaving. The project arranged for school-aged UXO survivors to receive tutoring assistance and meet with peer discussion groups to support their adjustment back into schools and return to a healthy, normal life. Partner organization funds also enabled World Education to develop systems to increase donations to the War Victims Medical Fund, which helps to defray medical costs for UXO survivors.
Click here for information on World Education’s current victims assistance project, the War Victims Medical Fund.
For the survivors of a traumatic UXO incident, the medical care often costs more than the average family’s annual income, and survivors who have serious injuries to the face, torso, and arms frequently cannot return to the jobs in which they were formerly employed. The Survivors’ Economic and Technical Assistance (SETA) project worked to improve the economic situation for 160 UXO survivors and their families in Salavan and Xieng Khouang provinces, two areas of Laos impacted the most by unexploded remnants of war.
SETA provided vocational and economic assistance to UXO and landmine survivors through medical care, training courses, small business startup support, and follow-up technical assistance. Through funding from the War Victims Medical Fund, the project supported emergency and follow-up medical care for survivors after injury. World Education provided training in trades that the survivors were capable of performing, such as animal husbandry, fish farming, weaving, and tailoring. It also provided small grants to UXO survivors so that they could invest in initial purchase of animals or in vaccines, food, and materials needed to establish a tenable trade. Throughout the course of training and during follow-up, SETA staff discussed economic planning principles with recipients to help them make business decisions about spending their funds. UXO survivors who completed this course of technical training averaged a 30% profit and consistently reinvested their profits back into their businesses.
For centuries, Lao silk textiles have been admired for their beauty, quality, and unique designs. The domestic and international demand for textiles has been high. Over the past 25 years, however, the silk industry in Laos has suffered a decline, and the demand has exceeded the supply. The limited supply of domestic raw silk creates a demand for imports from surrounding countries, resulting in higher costs and lower profits for silk weavers. From 1999 to 2006, the Laos Economic Acceleration Program for the Silk Sector (LEAPSS) was funded by USAID and implemented by the Consortium of World Education and World Learning. The project provided training, assistance, and technical support to silk growers in the remote provinces of Xieng Khouang and Houaphan. In addition, the program offered training and networking support to agricultural extension workers, weavers, small business owners, and traders, with a particular focus on women micro-entrepreneurs. The Consortium and its government partner planned for this program to serve as a policy model for future private enterprise development in Laos. The project was active through 2006.
In 1997, to build the capacity of the government of Laos, World Education Laos (then the Consortium) implemented an English Language training program in Xayabouly and Oudomxay Provinces. The Consortium hired two consultants, one for each province, who were based in the provincial government offices and trained government staff in English speaking, reading, and writing skills.
As part of its efforts to strengthen the health sector in Laos, World Education implemented an English Language training program for health professionals in Xieng Khouang Province. Beginning in 1998 with 60 health staff at the Xieng Khouang Provincial Hospital, WEL developed teaching materials and lesson plans with Lao teachers in order to provide health staff with a working knowledge of general and technical English vocabulary. The program eventually expanded to include health professionals in Houaphan Province.